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Nagoya Castle

Nagoya CastleNagoya Castle is located about 2.5 km northeast of Nagoya station.
It is one of the famous castles in Japan, along with Osaka, Himeji and Kumamoto Castles.

In the early 16th century, a small castle was built around here.
And Nobunaga Oda, one of the famous warlords, was born in this castle in 1534.
He became a lord of this castle, but he had moved to Kiyosu Castle located about 6 km northwest of this castle in 1555.
So this castle was abandoned, and Kiyosu Castle became the main one in this area since that.

After the foundation of Edo Government in 1603, Ieyasu Tokugawa, the founder, was built a new castle on this site, because the place around Kiyosu Castle was flood-prone.
The great castle was completed in 1612, and it had been the main castle of Tokugawa family in this area for about 260 years.

After the beginning of new Meiji Government, many feudal castles in Japan was demolished, but Nagoya Castle was kept.
And it had been designated a national treasure.
But in 1945, it was destroyed by air raid in World War II. (US forces say that the bombing was a mistake.)

After the war, the castle tower was rebuilt in 1959 through the effort of the citizens and the donation from around the country.
The inside is the museum, and we can tour around the castle tower.

The famous point of this castle tower is a pair of golden Shachihoko on the roof.
Shachihoko is an imaginary being that it is like a fish with a tiger face and many prickles on its back and its tail points always to the heaven.
They were created by coating gold leaves on the wooden sculptures of Shachihoko.
It is said that the amount of gold using on the early Shachihoko was over 215 kg.

After the air raid, the wreckage of original Shachihoko had been condemned by the Occupation Forces.
It was returned to the Finance Ministry, then it was returened to Nagoya city in 1967.
Nagoya city made a golden pot for tea ceremony using remaining gold on the wreckage, and has kept it.
Current Shachihoko was re-created when this castle was rebuilt.

"Golden Shachihoko" has been the symbol of Nagoya.

Nagoya Castle official website

How to get to here

By subway

Get off at Shiyakusho station on Meijo Line. Then about 5 minutes on foot.

By route bus

By sightseeing route bus "Me-guru" about 23 minutes from Nagoya station.

Nagoya Castle Castle Tower of Nagoya Castle
Photo by Railstation.net
Nagoya Castle in the evening in spring Tower of Southeast Corner
Photo by Railstation.net
Tower of Southwest Corner
Photo by Railstation.net
Omote-ninomon gate
Photo by Railstation.net
A pair of Golden Shachihoko on the roof
Replica of Shachihoko

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