Mito is the city located roughly in the center of Ibaraki Prefecture, and is the prefectural capital.
In the late 12th century, a castle was built in this city, and since
that here became the central town in this area.
After Ieyasu Tokugawa was founded the Edo government in 1603, he ordered Yorifusa, one of Ieyasu's sons, to govern this area.
Then Mito became one of the important domains governed by Shogun family.
Mitsukuni Tokugawa (1628-1701), the 2nd lord of this domain, is famous
as good ruler.
He implemented various positive policies, worked towards the protection of the cultural properties, and compiled the national history.
Since the late 19th century, playwriters had created the fictions about
It is the story that he travels around the country under an incognito and exposes the dishonesty of the bad officials who has oppressed ordinary people wherever he visits.
He is called "Mito-Komon" by nickname, and its TV drama has hit screen for more than 40 years. It is still one of the most popular programs in Japan.
It is the former school for Mito
Domain, and is located 0.5 km north of JR Mito station.
In 1841, it was founded by Nariaki Tokugawa, the 9th lord, in the site of Mito castle.
It was a school like current university, so humanities, social science and natural science had been educated and researched.
But the school had said "We should spend lifetime to learn." So this school had no graduation, and it is said that young men and old men had learned there together.
After the founfation of new Meiji government, it was closed in 1872.
In the site, some buildings of the school remain.
And the whole site has become a park, and there area many trees of ume (Japanese apricot).
It is a Japanese garden located
about 2 km west of JR Mito station.
It is one of the Three Famous Gardens in Japan, along with Kenrokuen in Kanazawa city and Korakuen in Okayama city.
It was built in 1842 by Nariaki Tokugawa.
It is about 13 hectares wide, and the 3,000 trees of ume (Japanese apricot) are famous.
When the Ume Festival from late February to end of March is held, many tourists visit here.
In the garden, there is Kobuntei, which was a villa of Nariaki.
And in the forest, there is Togyokusen spring. It had been said that the water was effective against eye disease.
It is a lake located to the
southeast of Kairakuen garden.
It is about 33 hectares wide, and the length of lakeside is about 3 km.
Along the northern lakeside, Sakura River flows.
The area around the lake is a park, and the width as city park is the second in the world after the Central Park in New York.
a museum located about 0.7 km southwest of Kairakuen.
In this museum, the materials about Tokugawa Family in Mito are displayed. The buildings of the museum have modern style.
In Japanese, the name of this museum "Shokokan-Tokugawa-hakubutsukan". "Shokokan" was the name of building where Mitaukuni Tokugawa compiled the national history, and it was in this site.
From Ueno, by JR limited expresses "Super-Hitachi" or "Fresh-Hitachi", about 1 hour and 5-18 minutes.
To Mito station, 1 hour 53 minutes from Tokyo station, 2 hours and 34 minutes from Shinjuku station.
Run the Joban Expressway, and exit at Mito Exit. About 100 km from Tokyo. About 9 km from there to central Mito, about 15 minutes.
Photo by Railstation.net
Photo by Railstation.net