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Kagawa Prefecture

Kagawa Prefecture in Shikoku DistrictKagawa PrefectureKagawa Prefecture is located at the northeast part of Shikoku Island, and the north coast faces Seto Inland Sea (Seto Naikai).
There are many islands in the sea.

It is the smallest prefecture in Japan, and the area is within 100 km from east to west and within 40 km from north to south in width.

The prefectural capital is Takamatsu city.

The climate is general and this area has many fine days, but the rainfall is relatively low.
So more than 14,000 reservoirs for agriculture were constructed in this prefecture in case of drought.
On the other hand, this climate is suitable for making salt. Then many salt farms were constucted in ancient times.

By such climate, high-quality wheat and salt have been gotten easily.
So "udon" (one of the popular noodles in Japan) has been made since the 17th century. Udon in Kagawa Prefecture is well-known by most people in Japan.

Kagawa Prefecture is connected by Great Seto Bridge across Seto Inland Sea with Honshu Island.
So this prefecture is one of the main entrances to Shikoku Island.
JR limited expresses from Okayama run through this bridge, and they lead to all prefectures in Shikoku Island.

To visit Kagawa Prefecture, it is convenient to use JR limited expresses, as above.

Takamatsu Airport is located about 17 km south of central Takamatsu.
It has the flights from Haneda (Tokyo), Kagoshima and Okinawa.
Additionally, it has the international flights from Seoul.

The climate in Takamatsu
Highest Temperature (deg C) 9.4 10.1 13.4 19.5 24.1 27.3 31.2 32.4 28.4 22.8 17.2 12.1
Lowest Temperature (deg C) 1.6 1.8 4.4 9.4 14.4 19.3 23.6 24.4 20.7 14.2 8.5 3.7
Mean monthly rainfall (mm) 38 48 83 76 108 151 144 86 148 104 60 37

Tourist spots in Kagawa Prefecture

Kagawa Prefecture map

Takamatsu city /1/
Marugame Castle /2/
Zentsuji temple /3/
Konpira Shrine (Kotohira-gu) /4/
Honjima island /5/
Naoshima island /6/
Shodoshima island /7/

Scenic or Nature / Park or Garden / Resort / City, Town or Village / Quarter or Street /
Temple or Shrine / Museum or Laboratory / Market or Commercial facility / Factory /
Other Building or Construction / Historic place / Remains / World Heritage Site

Main events in Kagawa Prefecture

Hyouge FestivalHyouge Festival (2nd Sunday in September)

It is the annual festival of Shin'ike Shrine in Asano district of Kagawa town located about 10 km south of central Takamatsu city.
This region has been low-rainfall, so it was very difficult to get water for agriculture in earlier times.
Heiroku Yanobe (1610-1685) was a low-ranking samurai, but he constructed more than 100 reservoirs to obtain water for irrigation in this region.
This festival has been held to give thanks to him.
Many people march through the town with carring the portable shrine (Mikoshi).
"Hyouge" means "funny" or "jocular". They parade with funny action.

Rural KabukiRural Kabuki in Shodoshima

Kabuki is the most well-known Japanese theatrical art, and has been performed in big cities such as Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka since the 17th century.
Also it had been performed in rural areas throughout the country. But most of them had died out.
Rural Kabuki in Shodoshima island is one of the few performances.
Of course, the actors are not the famous stars but the citizens in Shodoshima. But the stages are authentic.
There are two stages (Hitoyama (May 3rd), Nakayama (October 2nd Monday)) in Shodoshima.

Local foods and products in Kagawa Prefecture

Sanuki udonSanuki udon

Udon is one of the popular noodles in Japan. The noodle is made of wheat flour, and light brown broth made from light soy sauce is used.
The people of Kagawa Prefecture love udon very much, and they eat udon over three times as much as the people of the other prefectures for one year.
"Sanuki" is the old name of Kagawa Prefecture, and most Japanese people associate "Udon" with "Sanuki".
When you visit Takamatsu city, you can find udon restaurant quickly. Because there are over 1,000 udon restaurants around Takamatsu city.

OliveOlive in Shodoshima island

Olive is cultivated mainly in the Mediterranean region.
In Japan, Shodoshima island is the main production center of olive.
In 1908, Japan government tried the cultivation of olive in the three places in Japan. And only Shodoshima succeeded.
Every year, about 90 tons of olive oil are produced in this island.
But the amount of production is less than one forty-thousandth of Spain, the largest producer of olive in the world.

Marugame fanMarugame uchiwa

Marugame is a city located about 30 km west of Takamatsu.
About 90 percent of "uchiwa" is produced in Marugame. "Uchiwa" is "paper fan" and is made of bamboo and paper.
Uchiwa is mainly used to fan yourself and cool down in summer.
Originally, Marugame's uchiwa was produced for the souvenir of Konpira Shrine.

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