Kusatsu hot spring resort is in
the west part of Gunma Prefecture, and is located about 40 km
west-northwest of Shibukawa city.
The resort is on the western slope of Mount Shirane (2,160 meters high). It is located at the level of about 1,200 meters.
In Japanese, it is called "Kusatsu-onsen".
This hot spring had been known since ancient times, and had been famous
all over the country in the 15th century.
So it is one of the most major hot spring resorts in Japan.
In the center of the resort town, there is one of the 6 places
springing hot water.
It is called "Yubatake", and is like a large pond. This is the symbol of Kusatsu.
Around Yubatake, there are many hotels, ryokans and public bathes, and they use this hot water.
Always abundant hot water is flowing like a waterfall.
At the western end of the town, there is another famous place springing
It is called "Nishi-no-kawara" or "Sai-no-kawara".
Here is a large outdoor bath like a pool.
The water of Kusatsu hot spring is strongly-acid (about pH 2.0) and
high-temperature (50-90 degrees C).
So it is said that the hot spring cure skin disease, neuralgia and other various diseases except sickness of love.
Because the water is too hot, early people had stirred the hot water in
the bathtab with long wooden boards with a united effort, to lower the
temperature and have a bath comfortably.
It is called "yumomi" in Japanese, and Yumomi Preservation Society has been founded for preserving a traditional culture.
It takes some time to lower the temperature, so yomomi is done to the local folk song.
Near Yubatake, there is Kosenji temple founded by high priest Gyoki in
The main temple was rebuilt in 1890.
Shakadou in the precincts was built in 1703, and is the oldest building in Kusatsu.
By limited express "Kusatsu" on JR
and Agatsuma Line, about 2 hours 25-30 minutes from Ueno to
Change to a route bus. About 22-28 minutes to Kusatsu hot spring resort.
From Shinjuku station, about 3 hours and 40 minutes - 4 hours and 10 minutes.
©Gunma prefecture/© JNTO